Conclusions/Interferences 4 | Hamaraguru

Conclusions/Interferences 4 | Hamaraguru

31. Read the following information carefully and answer the question which follows.
One of the main reasons behind the lack of applications for teacher’s training/degree programmes is that teachers have not experienced any improvement in working conditions and their salaries have not kept pace with salaries in other professions. Which of the following can be inferred from the given paragraph? 
a) The very tough entrance exam is also one of the reasons behind plunging number of applicants for teachers’ training programmes.
b) In the years to come, the schools would face a crunch in terms of the availability of qualified teachers.
c) Training programmes for other professionals are also as good as teachers’ training programmes.
d) A number of applicants for teachers’ training programmes will improve if the salaries in other professions are reduced.
e) No direct relationship can be established between the work conditions of a particular profession and preference for it amongst the qualified candidates.

32. Read the following information carefully answer the question which follows:
Get more involved in our real world. Food inflation is a fantastic way to teach our children mathematics. Try having your child plot a graph of how incomes have grown in India for different jobs between, say, 1950 and today (engineer, doctor, maid, driver). Have them plot how costs have grown in the same period; it will be a fun exercise.
By the time they finish the exercise, not only your children learn a lot, but likely you will realize too that while our incomes have zoomed 300 times in this period, salaries of maids have gone up only 50 times, and costs have gone up 100 times. Your maid still has a seven day week, with no paid vacation or casual leaves. And realizing just how lucky we are is often the first step towards serious philanthropy.
All the following can be inferred from the above except for one:
a) Real world problems are a good way to understand other subjects as well as have an appreciation for the real world problem.
b) Food inflation has affected very differently different professionals over the years. 
c) Though there are huge salary differences, for all the jobs/professions the increase has at least not been less than the rate of inflation over a longer period of time.
d) When we realize that we have been lucky, we tend to think about philanthropy and helping those who have not been so lucky
e) Not only children, even the parents, and other adults need to understand and sensitize themselves about the inequality.

Directions (33-36): Read the following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow:
People in the remote village of Kenal are now totally self-sufficient and liberal and no longer wait till people from urban areas dish out empowerment as a special privilege or favor.
a) Many of the residents formed a group and initiated a self-help micro- credit program which provided help and support to the villagers to start a new business.
b) There was a time when the villagers had to seek favors from their urban counterparts.
c) Kenal lacks the new advancements and technological developments owing to a lack of urban intervention.
d) Many other villages are now approaching the people from Kenal to help them follow the same directions.
e) Women in Kenal too are realizing the importance of empowerment and are taking every possible step to add to their family’s kitty.

33. Which of the statements numbered (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) can be inferred from the given statement? (An inference is something which can be directly inferred from the given facts)
a) Only A    
b) Only B
c) Only C    
d) Only D
e) Both A and E

34. Which of the statements numbered (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) mentioned above would prove that intervention from their urban counterparts can also be beneficial to a certain extent?
a) A    
b) B
c) C    
d) D
e) E

35. Which of the statements numbered (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) mentioned above represents a step which helped the process of liberalization and empowerment of the villagers?
a) A    
b) B
c) C    
d) D
e) E

36. Which of the following represents a result/repercussion of the success experienced by the residents of the village Kenal?
a) B    
b) C
c) Both C and E
d) A    
e) D

37. A few travelers were severely beaten up by villagers recently in a remote rural part of the state as the villagers found the movement of the travelers suspicious. The district authority has sent a police team to nab the culprits. Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement? (An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts)
a) The villagers dislike the presence of strangers in their vicinity.
b) Villagers are generally suspicious in nature.
c) Travelers prefer to visit the countryside.
d) The government generally provides protection to travelers across the country.
e) None of these.

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the question which follows:
Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are trying up with supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters.
38. Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information). 
a) Merchandise of smaller brands would not be available at local grocery stores in the near future.
b) Smaller brands cannot compete with bigger ones in a supermarket set-up.
c) There is a perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.
d) Supermarkets generate more revenue by selling products of bigger brands as compared to the smaller ones.
e) Smaller brands have always had more tie-ups with supermarkets as compared to small grocery stores.

Answer key:
31. b    
32. c    
33. b    
34. c    
35. a
36. e    
37. d    
38. c