Argumentation 1 | Hamaraguru

Argumentation 1 | Hamaraguru

 
Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Give answer (a) if only argument I is strong.
Give answer (b) if only argument II is strong.
Give answer (c) if either I or II is strong.
Give answer (d) if neither I nor II is strong.
Give answer (e) if both I and II are strong.

1. Should there be capital punishment for those who are found guilty of rape charges?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to eliminate such atrocities on women.
II. No, this will lead to more violence as culprits may even kill the rape victims.

2. Should all the non-performing employees in the public sector be compulsorily retrenched from service? Arguments:
I. No, this will give an unjust handle to the management, and they may use it indiscriminately.
II. Yes, this will help increase the level of efficiency of these organizations and these will become profitable establishments.

3. Should there be a compulsory medical examination of both the man and woman before they marry each other? Arguments:
I. No, this is an intrusion to the privacy of an individual and hence cannot be tolerated.
II. Yes, this will substantially reduce the risk of giving birth to children with serious ailments.

4. Should all the drugs patented and manufactured in western countries be first tried out on a sample basis before giving license for sale to the general public in India?
Arguments:
I. Yes, many such drugs require different doses and duration for the Indian population and hence it is necessary.
II. No, this is just not feasible and hence cannot be implemented.

5. Should all the foreign banks immediately be asked to close down their operations in India?
Arguments:
I. No, this will have an adverse impact on the Indian economy.
II. Yes, this is the only way to make the Indian banks survive and prosper.

6. Should the admission to professional courses in India be given only on merit without any concession to any particular group of students? Arguments:
I. Yes, this will improve the quality of the professionals as they will be able to complete the courses successfully.
II. No, this will keep a large number of socially and economically backward students out of the reach of the professional courses.

7. Should the state governments be allowed to retain major shares of the central taxes collected in the respective states?
Arguments:
I. No, the central government should receive the major share as the central government funds most of the developmental programmes. 
II. Yes, most of the state governments are short of funds, and they badly need more funds.

8. Should all the private sector banks be immediately merged with the public sector banks?
Arguments:
I. No, the private sector banks are profit-making entities, and hence they should not be merged.
II. Yes, this will safeguard the hard earned money of the customers and their interests will be secured.

9. Should the in-charge of all the police stations in the country be transferred every two years?
Arguments:
I. No, this will create a lot of administrative hassles and also will generate a lot of inconvenience to the police officers.
II. Yes, this is the only way to eradicate the nexus between police officers and anti-social elements.

10. Should the oil companies be allowed to fix the price of petroleum products depending on market conditions? Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to make the oil companies commercially viable.
II. No, this will put an additional burden on the retail prices of essential commodities and will cause a lot of hardships to the masses.

Answer Key:
1. d    
2. b    
3. b    
4. a    
5. d
6. b    
7. d    
8. d    
9. d    
10. b