Course of Action 2 | Hamaraguru

Course of Action 2 | Hamaraguru

Directions (16-24): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. Based on the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Give answer (a) if only I follows. 
Give answer (b) if only II follows.
Give answer (c) if either I or II follows. 
Give answer (d) if neither I nor II follows. 
Give answer (e) if both I and II follow.

16. Statement: Despite all the efforts by the government, thirty cases of polio were reported in State X as the parents of those children remained uninformed of this drive against polio.
Courses of action:
I. Strict action should be taken against the parents of children affected by polio.
II. Strict action should be taken against the doctors administering polio drops in the state.

17. Statement: Private airliners have increased the fare during the festive season by almost 50%.
Courses of action:
I. People should be advised to travel only by buses and trains during the festive season.
II. The government should regulate airfares to a certain limit.

18. Statement: Several passengers were stranded at the airport as all the flights had to be cancelled due to severe snowfall for the third consecutive day. Courses of action:
I. All the flights should be immediately resumed.
II. Airport authority should provide appropriate stay arrangements for the stranded passengers.

19. Statement: A practice march by the army is scheduled to be held on one of the busiest roads in the city on Tuesday. Courses of action:
I. Traffic should be diverted during the practice march to ease traffic congestion during that time. 
II. Public notices should be issued to avoid using the road till the practice march on Tuesday gets over.

20. Statement: Very few students have been opting for academic research as professional courses offer better economic dividends.
Courses of action:
I. Academic research should be linked to the industry to improve its economic perspective.
II. Economic dividends of professional courses should be made less attractive to attract students to academic research as well.

21. Statement: People see tax as a burden and thus devise ways to underpay or avoid it altogether.
Courses of action:
I. Government should educate and inform citizens about the ways in which taxes help in the development of the nation.
II. Tax rates should be increased so that the under-recovery in the collection is compensated.

22. Statement: There is no motivation among today’s generation to join the armed forces owing to frequent transfers to risky areas. Perhaps they are not aware of the good side of it. Courses of action:
I. Short term internship should be introduced at the high school level to give students a peek into the adventurous life of the forces and provide a more realistic job purview.
II. The salary levels of the defense forces should be increased with immediate effect.

23. Statement: A plethora of bodies with no single one which can be held accountable for the city’s development is the key reason behind its rather stagnant state.
Courses of action:
I. Each body should be given a set of duties, and there should be no duplication in such allocation.
II. An umbrella committee should be appointed with powers o regulate actions of all other bodies.

24. Statement: Number of hospital beds per 10000 people in India, which is a key indicator of health-care infrastructure, is much lower than many other nations which are thought to be poorer than India.
Courses of action:
I. The state should bear the expenditure of importing costly medicines.
II. Incentives should be given to encourage the entry of private players into the building of healthcare infrastructure.

25. There is an alarming trend of skewed sex ratio against women in India during the past decade and the situation may get out of hand if adequate steps are not taken to stop female foeticide.
Which of the following can be an effective step to reverse the trend?
A) The government should immediately wholly ban the use of scanners/sonography on expectant mothers at all health centers.
B) The government should announce a substantial incentive scheme for couples who have at least one girl child.
C) The government should launch a nationwide campaign to create awareness against female foeticide.
a) A only
b) A and B only
c) B and C only
d) All A, B and C
e) None of these

Answer key:
16. d    
17. b    
18. b    
19. e    
20. a
21. a    
22. e    
23. e    
24. b    
25. d