Syllogism 5 | Hamaraguru

Syllogism 5 | Hamaraguru

In these questions, 2/3 statements followed by 2 conclusions numbered (a) and (b) have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts & then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Give answer (a) if either conclusion (a) or conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (b) if both conclusion (a) and conclusion (b) follow.
Give answer (c) if only conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (d) if neither conclusion (a) nor conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (e) if only conclusion (a) follows.

40. Statements:
All drivers are swimmers. 
Some swimmers are athletes. 
No athlete is a banker.
Conclusions:
a) All swimmers being bankers is a possibility.
b) No driver is a banker.

Statements:
All frogs are amphibians. 
Some turtles are amphibians. 
All turtles are reptiles.

41. Conclusions:
a) At least some amphibians are reptiles.
b) No frog is a turtle.

42. Conclusions:
a) All frogs being turtles is a possibility.
b) No reptile is a frog.

43. Statements:
All kings are warriors. 
Some dukes are kings. Conclusions:
a) All kings are dukes.
b) At least some dukes are warriors.

Statements:
Some plants are trees. 
All trees are weeds.
All weeds are shrubs.

44. Conclusions:
a) All plants are weeds.
b) Some plants are weeds.
 
45. Conclusions:
a) All trees are shrubs.
b) All shrubs being plants is a possibility.

In each of the following questions, 2/3 statements are given followed by 2 conclusions numbered (a) and (b). You have to take given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read both the conclusions & then decide which of the given conclusions logically and follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Give answer (a) if both conclusion (a) and
conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (b) if only conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (c) if either conclusion (a) or conclusion (b) follows.
Give answer (d) if only conclusion (a) follows.
Give answer (e) if neither conclusion (a) nor conclusion (b) follows.

46. Statements:
All beans are pulses. 
All pulses are crops. 
No crop is seed.
Conclusions:
a) All crops are pulses.
b) All beans are crops.

47. Statements:
No fruit is vegetable.
All potatoes are vegetables. 
Some fruits are apples.
Conclusions:
a) Some apples are potatoes.
b) Some potatoes being fruit is a possibility.

48. Statements:
All books are journals. 
All diaries are journals. 
Conclusions:
a) All journals are books.
b) Some diaries being books is a possibility.

49. Statements:
All beans are pulses. 
All pulses are crops. 
No crop is a seed.
Conclusions:
a) No seed is a bean.
b) No bean is a pulse.

Answer Key:
40. e
41. a    
42. a    
43. b    
44. b    
45. b
46. b    
47. d    
48. b    
49. a