The past perfect simple

English uses the past perfect simple with the past simple to talk about two or more events that happened at different times in the past.

The past perfect simple

English uses the past perfect simple with the past simple to talk about two or more events that happened at different times in the past.

THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

When talking about two events that happened at different times in the past, the past simple describes the event that is closest to the time of speaking. The past perfect describes an event further back in the past.

HOW TO FORM

Use “had” followed by the past participle to form the past perfect.

 

Some more examples:

He had cooked dinner before Sally got back from work.
 

She had already read the play by the time she went to see it.
 

The traffic was bad because a car had broken down on the road.
 

When we arrived at the stadium, the game had already started.

 

 

THE PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST PERFECT

 

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

The present perfect is used to talk about an action that took place in the recent past and is still relevant to the present moment.

 

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

The past perfect is used to talk about an action that took place before another moment in the past.