The Present Simple Negative (Grammar) | Hamaraguru

The Present Simple Negative (Grammar) | Hamaraguru

The present simple negative

 

To make negative sentences using “be” in the present simple, “not” is added after the verb. For other verbs, the auxiliary verb “do not” or “does not” is used.

 

Negatives with the verb “be”

The verb “be” takes the same form in positive and negative sentences. The only difference is adding “not.”

I am a farmer. I am not a doctor.

 

How to form?

Negative contractions

“Is not” and “are not” can be contracted in two ways. The subject and verb can be contracted, or the verb and “not.” They mean the same thing.

 

Example:

You are not a doctor. (or) You’re not a doctor. You aren’t a doctor.

 

Some more examples:

I'm not a teacher.

“I amn’t” is incorrect.

He’s not a farmer (or) He isn’t a farmer.

They’re not American (or) They aren’t American.

 

Negatives with other verbs in the present simple

For verbs other than “be,” “do not” or “does not” goes before the verb to make the negative.

 Sentence

 Negative Sentence

 I work outside.

 I do not work outside.

 He works inside.

 He does not work inside.

How to form?

Some more examples:

You do not have a computer. 

He does not live in Los Angeles. 

We don't start work at 8 am.  

He doesn't have a car. 

 

Common mistakes forming negative sentences

The main verb in a negative sentence always stays in its base form, even if the subject is “he,” she,” or “it.”

Example:

He does not work outside. (Correct)

He does not works outside. (Incorrect)